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ACAI

Acaí is particularly rich in fatty acids, feeling oily to the touch. Containing high levels of oleic acid, and its rich in palmitic acid and linoleic acid. It's phytonutrients of ß-sitosterol; a phytosterol is known to compete with dietary cholesterol for absorption and may reduce blood cholesterol levels. Preliminary analyses of açaí freeze-dried skin and pulp powder show significant richness of vitamins and minerals. Acai is truly a natural nutritional supplement with Vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, C and E and the minerals calcium, cooper, magnesium, potassium, zinc and iron.

 

The dense pigmentation of acaí has led to several experimental studies of its anthocyanins, a group of polyphenols that give the deep color to fruits and vegetables and are high in antioxidant value. Twelve other flavonoid-like compounds were additionally found, including homoorientin, orientin, taxifolin deoxyhexose, isovitexin and scoparin, as well as several unknown flavonoids. Proanthocyanidins, another group of polyphenolic compounds high in antioxidant value, were found to be very high in acai, with a profile similar to that of blueberries.

 

ACEROLA

A tree with berry like fruit that have high concentrations of Vitamin C, Some natural Vitamin C preparations are derived from (and labeled as) Acerola.

 

AGAR

Agar is a kelp powder . The alginates in kelp (complex polysaccharides), act like other soluble fibers, have a soothing and cleansing effect on the digestive tract and are known to prevent the absorption of toxic metals like mercury, cadmium, plutonium and cesium. Sea vegetables contain sodium alginate that protects against radiation, environmental pollutants and some heavy metals by binding to toxins and excreting them through the feces. Agar, derived from the sodium alginate in kelp, is a safe, non-toxic substance that can be used as a thickening agent or gelatin and helps cleanse the body.

 

ALFALFA

Highly esteemed in folk medicine as a cure for inflammations, hypoglycemic, hypercholesterolemia, blood purifier and aides in digestion.

 

ALOE VERA

Aloe Leaf, Human clinical trials prove aloe effective for treating psoriasis, cankers and lowering blood sugar it's a powerful antioxidant, anti-microbial and anti-viral. Aloe vera has been found to extend and aid the absorption of vitamins C and E, thereby adding more antioxidant protection, and contains zinc and seven superoxide dismutases. It's been reported to reduce severe joint and muscle pain associated with arthritis, as well as pain related to tendinitis and injuries. Test groups given Aloe Vera showed a decrease in total cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipid and nonesterified fatty acid levels, each of which, when elevated, seem to accelerate the accumulation of fatty material in large and medium sized arteries, including the coronary arteries of the heart.

 

ALPHA LIPOIC ACID

Alpha lipoic acid is one of the most powerful antioxidants ever discovered. It is a vitamin-like sulfur-containing compound that is synthesized naturally in the human body. Sometimes it is referred to as alpha-lipoate, thioctic acid, or just lipoic acid. One of its most important characteristics is that it is both fat-soluble and water-soluble. This enables it to provide antioxidant protection in a much wider range of physiological environments throughout the body, which has resulted in some scientists referring to alpha-lipoic acid as the "universal" antioxidant. It helps reduce the toxicity from toxic metals such as mercury, cadmium, and lead. It is also able to form stable complexes with copper, manganese, and zinc ions. It enables the recycling of antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E, glutathione, and coenzyme Q10 in the body and it Increases glucose uptake into muscle cells.

 

APPLE FIBER

Apple Fiber has been found to improve the function of the digestive system. They help block the conversion of Benzopyrene to carcinogens within the body. And are know to reduce total serum cholesterol levels (due to the pectin and other constituents of apples) and increase serum HDL Cholesterol and lower serum LDL Cholesterol and inhibit the oxidation of LDL Cholesterol.

 

APPLE PECTIN

Apple Pectins are soluble polysaccharides composed primarily of uronic acids such as galacturonic acid. They are a form of soluble fiber. Dietary Fiber is a generic term for all of the components of plant cell walls. Most dietary fibers are polysaccharide carbohydrates. The two types of non-carbohydrate dietary fiber are lignans and lignin. Dietary fiber may increase the proliferation of beneficial bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. Dietary Fiber functions as a nutrient for the Beneficial Bacteria that reside in the gastrointestinal tract. Pectins differ in structure according to the food from which they are derived. Apple Pectin, taken in larger amount (20 grams daily) help to normalize blood sugar levels in diabetes mellitus type 2 patients. It has also been found to help lower total serum Cholesterol levels up to 25%.

 

ASTRAGULAS

Immune stimulating, regulates B cells and enhances their production, improves blood circulation and is considered a heart tonic.

 

BAMBOO

Bamboo extract is the richest known source of natural silica, containing over 70% organic silica. Silicon improves the condition of hair, nails, skin and has been used to alleviate eczema and psoriasis.

 

BANANA

Banana’s are one of those fruits that are loaded with nutrients like vitamin B6 ,vitamin C, potassium, dietary fiber, and manganese. Bananas are one of our best sources of potassium, an essential mineral for maintaining normal blood pressure and heart function like Bananas are an exceptionally rich source of fructooligosaccharide, a compound called a prebiotic because it nourishes probiotic (friendly) bacteria in the colon. These beneficial bacteria produce vitamins and digestive enzymes that improve our ability to absorb nutrients, plus compounds that protect us against unfriendly microorganisms.

 

BARLEY GRASS

Barley grass is rich in calcium, iron and many other minerals, all the essential amino acids, chlorophyll, flavonoids, vitamin B12, Vitamin C, plus enzymes. Green barley juice is said to contain 11 times the calcium in cows' milk, nearly 5 times the iron in spinach, 7 times the vitamin C in oranges, and 80 mg of vitamin B12 per hundred grams. Barley greens are also rich in beta-carotene, vitamins B1, B2, B6, folic acid, and pantothenic acid. As such, barley grass juice can be used to treat avitaminosis. Barley grass juice is also used medicinally to heal stomach and colon disorders, duodenal ulcers, ulcerative colitis and is an effective anti-inflammatory. A biologist named Yasuo Hotta from the University of California , La Jolla , found in barley grass a substance called P4D1. This substance not only has strong anti-inflammatory action but also was shown to repair the DNA in the cells of the body. This aided in the prevention of abnormal growths, aging, and cell death. He reported in a Japan Pharmacy Science Association meeting that P4D1 suppresses or cures pancreatitis, stomachitis, inflammation of the oral cavity, and dermatitis, and also lacerations of the stomach and duodenum. He found that barley juice is much stronger than steroid drugs but has fewer if any side effects. Barley grass is also extremely rich in antioxidants, including tocotrienols and one powerful antioxidant called tricin. Barley also has antiviral activity.. It's known to act as a body purifier and rejuvenator and is high in antioxidants Barley Grass stimulates the production of Interleukin 2 (Interleukin 2 enables the body's T-Lymphocytes to kill Cancer cells, T-Lymphocytes do not normally have this ability) - this effect is achieved through Interleukin-2 stimulating the production of endogenous Melatonin.

 

BEET

(Beta Vulgaris) has blood fat inhibiting and liver cell regeneration properties. Beets have high iron, potassium and magnesium content, soluble and insoluble fiber, sugar stabilizing effects, and essential for liver function and regeneration . The betalains were introduced as characteristic pigments of beetroot. Unlike other classes of plant pigments, the betalains have a restricted distribution. The prickly pear cactus ( Opuntia ficus-indica ) is practically the only other edible source of betalains. Recent research has identified the betalains as being dietary antioxidants. Folate (folic acid) occurs in higher levels in beetroot than in most other vegetables. It has a different chemical structure and is more widely distributed than the betalain pigments. Betaine, for example, is also found in broccoli, spinach, legumes, eggs, fish and liver. However, Beta vulgaris provides a particularly rich source of betaine in the diet.

 

BIOFLAVONOID CITRUS

Bioflavonoids are a group of over 4,000 types of (usually) water-soluble compounds found in all vascular plants. They are members of the Polyphenol (Phenolic Compounds) family. The term Citrus Bioflavonoids is a collective term for various Bioflavonoids from various groups of Bioflavonoids that are present in Citrus Fruits. They are helpful in the absorption of Vitamin C and help protect Vitamin C from oxidation. The main known function is to increase the strength of the capillaries and to regulate their permeability. Rutin is a component of Bioflavonoids.

 

BIOTIN

Biotin is one of the more recently discovered water-soluble B vitamins. It was first isolated in 1936, the structure was identified in 1942, and synthesized in 1943. Biotin is essential for the activity of many enzyme systems.

Functions In The Body
Energy Production: Plays a vital role in the production of energy from the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Fat/Protein Metabolism: Involved in the manufacture of fats and the excretion of byproducts from protein metabolism. Hair: Known as the vitamin that produces healthy hair and helps prevent graying. Supplementation in cases of severe deficiency can help, but successful treatment usually requires administration of all B vitamins and lipotropics in order to correct underlying fatty-acid metabolic problems. However, biotin does help with "uncombable hair syndrome," a condition in children with multiple cowlicks where hair sticks up in all directions and won't lie down.

 

BLACKBERRY

Blackberries and raspberries contain relatively high quantities of ellagic acid, which has a wide range of functions: Anti-carcinogen/anti-mutagen, inhibition of HIV binding to cells, inhibition of blood clotting, and free radical scavenging have been documented in humans. Additional antioxidants in blackberries are vitamins C and E, all provide protection against cancer and chronic disease. Cooking does not seem to destroy ellagic acid, so even blackberry jams and desserts retain ellagic acid health benefits. Blackberries, abound in antioxidants, such as anthocyanin pigments, responsible for the purplish-black color of blackberries and is known for health benefits because of their antioxidant properties. Wild blackberries are relatives of the rose. Just like a raspberry, the blackberry is called an "aggregate fruit" because each berry is really a cluster of tiny fruits.

 

BLUE BERRY POWDER

Blueberries are literally bursting with nutrients and flavor, yet very low in calories. Recently, researchers at Tufts University analyzed 60 fruits and vegetables for their antioxidant capability. Blueberries came out on top, rating highest in their capacity to destroy free radicals. Packed with antioxidant phytonutrients called anthocyanidins, blueberries neutralize free radical damage to the collagen matrix of cells and tissues that can lead to cataracts, glaucoma, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, peptic ulcers, heart disease and cancer. Anthocyanins, the blue-red pigments found in blueberries, improve the integrity of support structures in the veins and entire vascular system. Anthocyanins have been shown to enhance the effects of vitamin C, improve capillary integrity, and stabilize the collagen matrix (the ground substance of all body tissues). They work their protective magic by preventing free-radical damage, inhibiting enzymes from cleaving the collagen matrix, and directly cross-linking with collagen fibers to form a more stable collagen matrix.

In animal studies, researchers have found that blueberries may just be the prefect brain nutritional supplement, they help protect the brain from oxidative stress and may reduce the effects of age-related conditions such as Alzheimer's disease or dementia. Researchers found that diets rich in blueberries significantly improved both the learning capacity and motor skills of aging rats, making them mentally equivalent to much younger rats.

Blueberries are the fruits of a shrub that belong to the heath (Ericaceae) family whose other members include the cranberry and bilberry as well as the azalea, mountain laurel and rhododendron. Blueberries grow in clusters and range in size from that of a small pea to a marble. They are deep in color, ranging from blue to maroon to purple-black, and feature a white-gray waxy "bloom" that covers the berry's surface serving as a protective coat. The skin surrounds a semi-transparent flesh that encases tiny seeds. Cultivated blueberries are typically mildly sweet, while those that grow wild have a more tart and tangy flavor.

 

BORON

Boron is a trace mineral that has been recognized as an essential nutrient for plants for more than fifty years, but its essentiality in humans was not discovered until the mid-1980s. The highest concentration of boron in humans is found in bones and dental enamel. It helps convert vitamin D to its more active form, which means it indirectly facilitates in the absorption of calcium and the prevention of bone loss and plays an important role in the metabolism of magnesium. Boron is one of the minerals that is necessary for the development of healthy bone tissue, and it apparently plays a role in the prevention of osteoporosis It also has a regulatory effect on the production of estrogens and testosterone.

 

BURDOCK ROOT

Burdock root is eaten as a vegetable in many places. It has many nutrients like iron, inulin (a carbohydrate), and beneficial oils. Also, burdock can be used as a gentle laxative and help eradicate uric acid. Some of the active ingredients of burdock are polyacetylenes, which are known to be effective antibacterials and antifungals. Burdock enhances the performance of many of the organs which purify the body and eliminate toxins or waste (like the kidneys, liver, colon, etc). This enhances overall health and helps correct disorders . Also known as gobo, burdock root is also very high in inulin (**a prebiotic). Fresh burdock roots can destroy certain bacteria and fungi making it a good tonic on the fight against infection. It's also a very good source of potassium and a moderate source of iron.

**The word prebiotic is generally defined as consisting of nondigestible food fibers which stimulate the growth and activity of certain bacteria in the intestine.

 

CAFFEINE

The key with caffeine is like anything else good, drink it in moderation. Researchers believe up to three cups of coffee (small cups) is not going to harm us and that caffeine actually has many benefits. First, there is the improvement in our mental and physical performance. Many athletes now believe that a bit of coffee an hour or so before an event improves their performance. Some even believe that during a prolonged exercise event caffeine gives them a mental perk, increased focus and even refreshed motivation. Now how can this work when we have been led to believe that caffeine is a diuretic, which would effect hydration? Studies have been done to prove that no changes occur in body core temperature, sweat loss, urine or body hydration status during exercise following the ingestion of caffeine. Researchers have also found that those who drink two cups of coffee per day were 44 percent less likely to show evidence of liver damage compared to those who didn't consume any caffeine. Caffeine breaks down fat which frees fatty acids. How does caffeine work in the body? It first stimulates our central nervous system. Your heart rate will increase. Your pupils will dilate. Your muscles will tighten and glucose is released into your blood system. But that isn't all that happens to your body. Dopamine levels are now increased. Dopamine activates the pleasure parts of our brain.

 

CALCIUM

Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the human body. Average healthy males contain about 2.5 to 3 pounds of calcium while females contain about 2 pounds. Approximately 99 percent of calcium is present in the bones and teeth, which leaves only about one percent in cells and body fluids.

Although only a small amount of calcium is in the blood, the body goes to great lengths to maintain blood-calcium levels within a relatively narrow range. Three regulatory mechanisms control blood-calcium. If levels drop too low, intestinal calcium absorption can increase, calcium can be released from bones, and/or the kidneys reduce calcium excretion.

 

Calcium absorption in humans is regulated by a biological control system that depends on the following factors: a balance between calcium made available from bone resorption, intestinal absorption, and renal tubular reabsorption as well as the calcium lost to new skeletal formation and kidney and intestinal excretion. When calcium intake is low, the majority of calcium absorption is accomplished by an active transport mechanism in the duodenum. However, when calcium intake is high, passive absorption in the jejunum and ileum becomes the major absorptive process. A small amount of calcium absorption takes place in the large intestine by both active and passive processes.

Functions In The Body

Blood Clotting: Involved in several steps of the blood clotting mechanism. Bones and Teeth: Most important function is in the development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. Need is greatest during periods of rapid growth including childhood, pregnancy, and lactation. Cell Wall Permeability: Regulates the passage of fluids across cellular membranes by affecting cell wall permeability. Enzyme Function: Activates various enzyme systems responsible for muscle contraction, fat digestion, and protein metabolism. Muscle Contraction: Helps to initiate muscle contractions. As such, it plays a vital role in the contraction-relaxation cycle that regulates a normal heartbeat. Nerve Transmission: Plays a role in the regulation and transmission of nerve impulses. Signal Messenger: Low extracellular calcium signals the release of parathyroid hormone, which increases calcium absorption.

 

CARDAMOM

Cardamom aids with absorption of nutrients and digestion and also stimulates and warms the body.

 

CARROTS

Carotenes, including alpha, beta and many other carotenoids are the orange pigments in the root - prolific sources of provitamin A. This is a truly versatile vegetable and an excellent source of vitamins B and C as well as calcium pectate, an extraordinary pectin fibre that has been found to have cholesterol-lowering properties. Carotenoids, including beta-carotene, are healing for the mucous membranes irritated by allergies or colds and good for the liver. Carrots also have B vitamins and the calming mineral, calcium. Carrots are sensitive to chemicals in soil.

 

CATNIP

Gentle nervine to aid in relaxation

 

CHAMOMILE

Calming, induces relaxation while reducing anxiety, hasanti-inflammatory constituents and is high in calcium, magnesium and niacin.

 

CHICORY

Chicory is one of the highest known sources of inulin (**a prebiotics) and is also known as endive or radicchio.

**The word prebiotic is generally defined as consisting of nondigestible food fibers which stimulate the growth and activity of certain bacteria in the intestine.

 

CHLORELLA

Chlorella pyrenoidosa and other Chlorella spp. [Phylum: Cyanophyta], is a nutrient-dense unicellular fresh water green alga rich in proteins (60%), vitamins, and minerals that is used as a source of food and beneficial phytochemicals. Chlorella has been on the earth since the Precambrian period: over 2.5 billion years. The cells of Chlorella were first identified under a microscope in the 1890s but it wasn't until the 1950s that the Carnegie Institute concluded that chlorella could be grown commercially as a solution to help world hunger. In the 1960s, Japanese scientists turned their attention to chlorella as a promoter of good health. Research has shown that Chlorella has strong detoxification, immunostimulant and wound healing properties and prevents damage to the body from toxic chemicals. Chlorella gets its name from the high amount of chlorophyll it possesses. Chlorella contains more chlorophyl per gram than any other plant. Chlorophyl is one of the greatest food substances for cleansing the bowel and other elimination systems, such as the liver and the blood. Chlorella is alkaline and helps balance your body's pH. Chlorella is one of the most scientifically researched foods in history.

 

CHROMIUM

Chromium regulates the body’s Blood Sugar levels by facilitating the uptake of glucose into cells. It Increases the activity of insulin, thereby reducing the amount of insulin required to control blood sugar. It’s also thought to play a role in regulating LDL and HDL serum levels.

 

CHRYSANTHEMUM

In China, the infused flower heads are popular as a remedy for red, sore eyes, especially after long periods of close work, such as reading or working at a computer.

 

CINNAMON

Enhances absorption of other herbs and nutrients and contains chromium which helps blood sugar regulation. Works well to warm up someone who runs cool.

 

COCOA AND CHOCOLATE

If you thought Cocoa was just delicious chocolate, think again! It has been used for thousands of years as a way to natural nutrition and as a healing agent. More importantly, modern science claims that it is good for your heart and arteries, good for your skin, has nearly twice the antioxidants of red wine and up to three times those found in green tea. Taken as a nutritional food supplement you can add all its health benefits without the added fat and calories. Cocoa just may be the best nutritional diet vitamin supplement available, not to mention a great diabetic nutritional supplement (no sugar added) with it's satisfying taste!

Cocoa is a myocardial stimulant and considered excellent for heart health. The oleic acid content is a mono-unsaturated fat (also found in olive oil) and is thought to raise good (HDL) cholesterol, and the flavonoids decrease bad (LDL) cholesterol, as well as inhibit blood platelet aggregation (clotting), which can lead to arteriosclerosis, stroke and heart attack.

 

Further supporting cardiac health, Cocoa is said to be a fine vasodilator and good in cases of hypertension and angina. The theobromine content is said to enlarge the constricted blood vessels that are common in hypertensive people and will thus lower blood pressure and increase blood circulation. In addition, its high potassium content is also said to help lower blood pressure levels and hold them in check, and Cocoa's magnesium is another one of the minerals that most supports the heart and may help to reduce blood pressure.

 

Cocoa is believed to stimulate brain function (a great brain nutritional supplement). Again, its magnesium content (a mineral deficient in many people's diet) is a key to proper brain performance. It helps to create ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which is the fuel for the brain. Some researchers claim that Cocoa improves one's frame of mind and may be an aphrodisiac. It contains small amounts of a chemical called phenylethylamine (PEA) that is a mild mood elevator. It's the same chemical that our brain produces and emits when we feel happy or "in love" or when the libido is stimulated. The mild "rush" we get from this substance may be why some people say they're "addicted" to chocolate. One New York City psychiatrist claims that romantically depressed people tend to crave chocolates because their PEA levels are low, and the Cocoa in chocolate gives them a PEA boost. Recent research has also found that Cocoa has a soothing effect on troubled minds, and interestingly, one study has shown that its aroma may actually relax you by increasing theta waves in the brain.

 

The theobromine in Cocoa has recently been found to have an antitussive effect that inhibits the cough reflex and helps to stop coughing. Cocoa may alter the effects of time and sun exposure on skin health. A new study suggests that a chemical from Cocoa protects skin from the damaging effects of sun exposure and prevents the skin from ageing. Flavonoids, a group of antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables, as well as in Cocoa, tea and red wine, might be especially potent skin protectors. In 2006, the Journal of Nutrition published a study on the effects of Cocoa flavonoids on skin health. The skin of the subjects consuming high-flavanol Cocoa was more tolerant to ultraviolet light exposure after six to twelve weeks. What's more, skin quality improved in the women consuming high-flavanol Cocoa, roughness and scaling diminished, and the skin was thicker, denser and better hydrated by the end of the study. This was the first study to suggest that Cocoa flavanols might protect the skin and thereby prevent skin melanoma.

 

Cocoa Powder Chocolate is made from cocoa beans which grow on cocoa trees called theobroma cacao. Like several other plant-based foods, it therefore contains polyphenols, a group of compounds which act as "antioxidants". Cocoa beans contain polyphenols (similar to those found in wine) with antioxidant properties which are health beneficial. These compounds are called flavonoids and include catechins, epicatechins, and procyandins. The antioxidant flavonoids are found in the nonfat portions of the cocoa bean. The flavonoids also reduce the blood's ability to clot and thus reduces the risk of stroke and heart attacks.

Allergies to chocolate are extremely rare with the more likely allergens being milk, egg, peanut or tree nut components of chocolate products - not the chocolate itself. Also, chocolate and cocoa do not cause obesity. It is the quantity of foods eaten, combined with the level of physical activity and underlying genetics, which determine whether a person will gain weight.

 

DAMIANA

Enhances circulatory and digestion and is described as a blood purifier and is used as an aphrodisiac in Mexico. Contains high amounts of zinc, chromium and niacin.

 

DANDELION

Contains flavonoids that provide its diuretic properties, helps with blood purifying , relieves muscle spasms and helps reduce inflammation. Contains inulin and mucilage that help friendly flora thrive and inhibit unfriendly bacteria. Contains a balanced abundance of minerals and vitamin A.

 

ELEUTHERO (SIBERIAN GINSENG)

An adaptogen that increases resistance to physical, chemical and emotional stress. Helps to stimulate the circulatory and immune system and is used in the treatment of hypoglycemia. May help improve memory

 

FIG

Figs are high in potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, copper and fiber. Potassium is important for water balance in our bodies. It also helps the cells function on both muscle and nerves. Figs are the most alkaline foods available helping our bodies restore its pH balance.

Research performed by the University of Scranton has determined that dried figs have a polyphenol content ranging from 4 to 50 times higher than other fruits. Polyphenols provide much of the flavor, color, and taste to fruits, vegetables, seeds, and other parts of the plants. As a dietary source of biologically active compounds, they have been linked to the reduced risk of cariovascular disease, cancer and other degenerative diseases. Polyphenols have been associated with their antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-allergenic properties.

 

FLAX SEED MEAL

Flax Seed Meal are the seeds from the flax plant linum usitatissimum (meaning "most useful") from the linaceae family. Flax Seeds come in golden and brown varieties. Flax seed meal is an excellent source soluble fiber. It has also been found to help strengthen the Bones by retarding the rate of bone resorption.. Research Arjmandi, B.H., et al. Flaxseed supplementation positively influences bone metabolism in postmenopausal women. Journal of the American Nutraceutical Association. 1(2):27-32, 1998.This double-blind, crossover study was designed to evaluate the effects of flaxseed consumption on several markers of bone resorption and bone formation in the blood and urine of postmenopausal women. The study included 38 postmenopausal women, with an average age of 56, who were not on hormone replacement therapy. During two six-week periods, subjects were given three muffins and four slices of bread, which together provided 38 grams of either flaxseed or sunflower seed (the control agent). The first feeding period lasted six weeks, followed by a two-week washout period. Subjects were then assigned to the alternate regimens for another six weeks. Blood samples were collected at baseline, and again at 6, 8 and 14 weeks. Additionally, 24-hour urine samples were collected from five of the subjects in each treatment group, twice during the study. While flaxseed treatment significantly lowered a marker of bone resorption in the blood serum, it had no effect on serum bone-specific markers of bone formation, in comparison to the control group. The flaxseed diet also tended to decrease both urinary excretions of another marker of bone resorption, and calcium. The findings suggest that flaxseed retards the rate of bone resorption.

 

FOLIC ACID

Folic acid is a member of the water-soluble B vitamin group. Isolated in 1946 from spinach leaves, its name comes from folium, the Latin word for leaf. In the body, folic acid is converted to its biologically active form tetrahydrofolic acid (THFA). Niacin and vitamin C are necessary for this conversion.

Functions In The Body

DNA and RNA Synthesis: Like vitamin B12, folic acid is necessary for the synthesis of both DNA and RNA. Hence, it is essential for proper cellular division and the transmission of the genetic code to all newly formed cells. Methylation Reactions: Required for some methylation reactions such as the conversion of homocysteine to methionine. Pregnancy: Necessary for decreased incidence of neural tube defects during pregnancy. Protein and Amino Acid Synthesis: Involved in the synthesis of proteins and various amino acids. Red Blood Cells: Essential for the healthy maturation of red blood cells.

 

GINGER

Ginger stimulates circulation, making it an important remedy for chilblains and poor circulation to the hands and feet. By improving the circulation, ginger helps high blood pressure. Also aids in digestion and nausea.

 

GINKGO

Clinical and pharmacological studies have shown that Ginkgo promotes vasodilatation and improved blood flow both in the arteries and capillaries. Western interest in ginkgo has concentrated on the remarkable ability of the leaves to improve the circulation, especially poor circulation to the brain, and the herb's antiallergenic and anti-inflammatory actions.

 

GRAPE SEED

Grape Seed Extract: There has been much debate concerning the respective benefits of Grape Seeds (extract) vs. Pine Bark (Pycnogenol) as a source of the therapeutic agent Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins (OPC). In almost all products, Grape Seed extract is less expensive per mg of OPC compared to Pycnogenol. Cost considerations aside, Grape Seed extract contains a specific OPC named Procyanidin B2-3'-O-gallate that is not present in Pycnogenol. Procyanidin B2-3'-O-gallate is claimed to be the most powerful individual OPC yet discovered. Many of the therapeutic benefits of OPC also apply to Catechins and to Tannins. Grape Seed Extract is a major ingredient in a good sports nutritional supplement.

OPC's are a group of colorless Flavanols composed of bonds (oligomers - i.e. dimers and trimers) of linked Flavan-3-ols (Catechins - Catechin and/or Epicatechin).

  • They inhibit the destruction of hyaluronic acid, a gellike aminoglycan that is found in the tissue space, the synovial fluid of joints, and the vitreous humor of the eyes and acts as a binding, lubricating, and protective agent.

 

  • They also help stimulate the production of optimal amounts of nitric oxide in the endothelium of blood vessels and help to prevent damage to the DNA content of cells.
  • OPCs can be converted by enzymes to anthocyanins (i.e. OPCs are a precursor for anthocyanins)
  • They enhance the renewal and production of collagen and help to prevent the destruction of elastin.
  • They enhance the function of and is synergistic with Vitamin C and help to prevent the degradation of Vitamin E and helps to recycle Vitamin E.

GREEN TEA

Made from unfermented leaves and is reputed to contain the highest concentration of polyphenals, chemicals that act as powerful antioxidants.

 

HOPS

Hops help to reduce irritability and restlessness and promote a good night's sleep, blended with other herbs, hops are good for stress, anxiety, tension.

 

HORSETAIL

Perennial plants, Horsetail's, high silicon content, is that kind of rare and unique cosmetic agent which beautifies from the inside out rather than just externally. Horsetail improves the texture and tone of hair, nails and skin, and greatly strengthens bones and teeth.

 

KELP

The alginates in kelp (complex polysaccharides), like other soluble fibers, have a soothing and cleansing effect on the digestive tract and are known to prevent the absorption of toxic metals like mercury, cadmium, plutonium and cesium. Kelp is an excellent source of iodine, a major component of thyroxine and triiodothyronine, hormones that affect weight gain and cellular metabolic rates. One to two milligrams of iodine per week are required to prevent goiter. Based on epidemiological studies, thyroid disease is practically unknown in people who regularly eat kelp. Based on human studies, 4mg of iodine daily completely resolves cyclical breast lumps and cysts, usually within only two months.

 

LECITHIN

Lecithin is also known as Phosphatidylcholine which helps to maintain the elasticity of blood vessels, is essential for the formation , structural and functional integrity of cell. Supplemental lecithin has been found to enhance the function of cell membranes throughout the body and comprises approximately 65% of most cell membranes . It helps to prevent and treat age-associated memory impairment (AAMI). It facilitates the production of acetylcholine in the brain and adrenal glands (due to the Phosphatidylcholine component of lecithin supplying Choline that is essential to the production of Acetylcholine. Acetylcholine ensures that mucous membranes remain lubricated and moist and is required for optimal muscle tone. Phosphatidylcholine has been found to help control the transfer of endogenous chemicals into skin cells and improves the visual appearance of dull skin. Phosphatidylcholine is the constituent of bile that facilitates the emulsification of dietary and has been found to enhance the absorption of Vitamin A.

 

LEMON BALM

Lemon balm is a relaxing tonic for anxiety, mild depression, restlessness, and irritability. Lemon balm reduces feelings of nervousness and panic and will often quiet a racing heart, being a valuable remedy for palpitations of a nervous origin.

 

LUTEIN

Lutein is a member of the carotenoid family, which are naturally occurring fat-soluble pigments found in plants. Lutein occurs in numerous foods but the highest concentrations occur in marigolds, which are the source of most of the lutein that is used commercially. Lutein specifically concentrates in the macula, which is a small area in the center of the retina in the eye. The macula lies directly behind the lens and is the area of the eye that receives the most light. Lutein protects the macula by filtering out potentially damaging forms of light. Thus, lutein is associated with protection from various diseases of the eyes, especially age-related macular degeneration, which is a leading cause of blindness in older adults. Lutein supplementation resulted in increased macular pigment density.

 

A growing body of evidence suggests that lutein may provide protective effects against the development of breast, colon, lung, skin, cervical and ovarian cancers. Recent research also indicates that lutein may help prevent cardiovascular disease. For example, mice supplemented with lutein have significantly less atherosclerosis than controls and in humans, serum lutein levels have been found to be inversely related to arterial wall thickness. Also, two epidemologic studies have reported an inverse relationship between levels of lutein and the incidence of stroke. And finally, recent animal studies suggest that lutein may enhance immune function. In both dogs and cats, lutein supplementation increased lymphocyte and antibody production after vaccinations compared to animals on control diets.

Functions In The Body
Antioxidant: Protects the eyes by neutralizing oxygen free-radicals and singlet oxygen, which are generated in the retina as a consequence of the simultaneous presence of light and oxygen.
Conversion to zeaxanthin: It has been reported that small amounts of lutein are converted into zeaxanthin in the macula of the eye in humans.

 

Prevention of Photodamage: Lutein filters out blue light, which can cause photodamage and contribute to the progression of macular degeneration if it is excessive.

 

LYCOPENE

Lycopene is a member of the family of phytochemicals called carotenoids. It is the substance that gives tomatoes and several other fruits their deep red color. Under normal conditions, the concentration of lycopene in human plasma is greater than beta-carotene and other dietary carotenoids. Some studies report that lycopene may enhance various aspects of cellular and non-cellular immunity.

Functions In The Body
Antioxidant: Acts as a free radical scavenger. Lycopene's antioxidants have been found to lower the risk of prostate, breast, lung, gastrointestinal, cervical, bladder and endometrial cancer cells. Skin protection: It has been reported that lycopene protects the skin against ultraviolet light-induced erythemia caused by photooxidation.

 

MAGNESIUM

Magnesium is a cofactor in over 300 enzymatic reactions in the body. It is necessary for the transmission of nerve impulses, muscular activity, temperature regulation, detoxification reactions, and for the formation of healthy bones and teeth. It is involved in energy production and the synthesis of DNA and RNA.

A U.S. Department of Agriculture survey revealed that approximately 75 percent of Americans do not ingest the RDA of magnesium. Sub-optimal magnesium intake compromises cellular activity, especially in tissues of the heart, nerves, and kidneys.

Magnesium influences many of the activities associated with a wide variety of cardiac medications. For example, magnesium inhibits platelet aggregation, thins the blood, blocks calcium uptake (like calcium channel blocking drugs), and relaxes blood vessels (like ACE inhibitors). Magnesium also increases oxygenation of the heart muscle by improving cardiac contractility.

Magnesium is absorbed primarily from the jejunum and ileum sections of the small intestine via two mechanisms. One is a carrier-mediated process that operates when magnesium levels are low. The other mechanism is a simple diffusion process that occurs when magnesium levels are higher.

Functions In The Body
Blood Pressure: Can lower elevated blood pressure. However, the effect is usually only moderate, and thus magnesium should not be viewed as a primary treatment for hypertension.

Bone: Involved in calcium metabolism, the synthesis of vitamin D, and the integrity of skeletal bone-crystal formation. Cardiovascular Function: Magnesium influences many aspects of cardiovascular health. It decreases platelet stickiness, helps thin the blood, blocks calcium uptake, and relaxes blood vessels.
Enzyme Activity: A cofactor for oxidative phosphorylation in the production of ATP. Essential for the production and transfer of energy for protein and lipid synthesis, contractility of muscle, and nerve transmission.
Heart Disease: Adequate magnesium intake reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and increases the rate of survival following a heart attack. If intravenous magnesium is given during the early stages of a heart attack, it results in a 70 percent decrease in deaths within one month following the event. Metabolism: Required for the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, as well as activity related to calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin C. It is vital for the health of nervous and muscular tissues throughout the body.
Teeth: Magnesium helps to bind calcium to tooth enamel, thus creating a barrier to tooth decay

 

MANGANESE

Manganese is a co-factor that aids in the activation of a wide variety of enzymes. Manganese-containing enzymes influence many biological activities, including the synthesis of collagen, protein, mucopolysaccharides (which are necessary for the growth and maintenance of connective tissue and cartilage). it works In conjunction with vitamin K in the synthesis of prothrombin and the regulation of blood clotting. It is also necessary for normal bone growth and the metabolism of amino acids. This important mineral is Involved with the production of dopamine and melanin, the synthesis of fatty acids and thyroxine, the principal hormone of the thyroid gland.

 

MANGO

Mango’s are a great antioxidant food containing high amounts of ellagic acid (known to help eliminate excess nickel from the body as well as protect the body against cancers and mutations), lutein, zeaxanthin (important for eye health), and excellent source of beta carotene and Vitamin C.

 

MANGOSTEEN

The subsurface chemistry of the Mangosteen exocarp comprises an array of polyphenolic acids including xanthones and tannins that assure astringency to discourage infestation by insects, fungi, plant viruses, bacteria and animal predation while the fruit is immature. Color changes and softening of the exocarp are natural processes of ripening that indicates the fruit can be eaten and the seeds are finished developing Mangostin is a natural organic compound isolated from various parts of the mangosteen tree (Garcinia mangostana). It is a yellow crystalline solid with a xanthone core structure. Mangosteen and a variety of other xanthones from mangosteen have been investigated for biological properties including antioxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities.

 

MARSHMALLOW

Useful whenever a soothing effect is needed, marshmallow protects and soothes the mucous membranes.

 

MILK THISTLE

Milk thistle has been used as a medicine since early Greco-Roman times, particularly for supporting the liver in detoxifying the blood. Through its bitter properties, milk thistle increases the flow of gastric juices relieving dyspepsia, indigestion and headaches associated with detoxification organ congestion. The German Pharmacopoeia recognizes milk thistle crushed seeds for treating digestive disorders and standardized extracts for preventing and treating damage to the body from poisons and toxins, and as supportive treatment in chronic inflammation of the detoxification organs. Another controlled study following 106 people with alcoholic organ damage over a period of 4 weeks showed a significant decrease in elevated liver enzymes and improvements in cell health as evaluated by biopsy.

No side effects have been reported during clinical trials with standardized milk thistle extracts. Milk thistle products may produce a mild laxative effect in some people due to stimulating effects on bile secretion. Use of milk thistle extract may also lower blood glucose levels.

 

MOLYBDENUM

Molybdenum is one of the rarest substances on earth, yet small amounts of this mineral are found in nearly all tissues of the human body. Molybdenum is a component of several important metalloenzymes that participate in liver detoxification pathways. It plays an important role in the body by helping with the absorption of iron, copper, and sulfate It’s a cofactor in the enzyme sulfite oxidase, which detoxifies sulfite to harmless sulfate for excretion, for those individuals who suffer from sulfite sensitivity Molybdenum supplementation is recommended.

 

MORINGA

Dozens of humanitarian organizations now promote the use of Moringa in poverty-stricken areas to combat malnutrition and its adverse effects on the body. Groups such as Church World Service, Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization, National Science Foundation, and others are reintroducing the different health benefits of this fast-growing, drought-resistant plant to malnourished people in various underdeveloped areas.

Where conventional treatments for malnutrition normally take months, healthcare professionals have discovered that people taking Moringa show improvement within days. Moringa was well known to the ancient world, but only recently has it been "rediscovered" as a multi-purpose tree with a tremendous variety of potential uses. The edible leaves of the tree are very nutritious and are consumed throughout West Africa as well as in some parts of Asia . The high concentrations of iron, protein, copper, various vitamins and essential amino acids present in Moringa leaves make them a virtually ideal nutritional supplement. Both the leaves and pods of Moringa oleifera can be an extremely valuable source of nutrition for people of all ages. Gram for gram, the Moringa leaves contain:

  • Four times the calcium in Milk
  • Four times the Vitamin A in Carrots
  • Seven times the Vitamin C in Oranges
  • Three times the potassium in Bananas
  • Two times the protein in Milk


NATURAL FRENCH VANILLA

Natural French Vanilla is used as a flavor enhancer. It actually helps create a smoother taste to X Balance.

 

NETTLES

Nettles are highly nutritious, high in vitamins and minerals, particularly iron, silica and potassium, and have been used for centuries as a nourishing tonic for weakness, debility and anemia. Through their stimulating action on the bladder and kidneys, nettles help to cleanse the body of toxins and wastes.

 

NOVA SCOTIA DULSE

Kelp Powders, The alginates in kelp (complex polysaccharides), like other soluble fibers, have a soothing and cleansing effect on the digestive tract and are known to prevent the absorption of toxic metals like mercury, cadmium, plutonium and cesium. Kelp is an excellent source of iodine, a major component of thyroxine and triiodothyronine, hormones that affect weight gain and cellular metabolic rates. One to two milligrams of iodine per week are required to prevent goiter. Based on epidemiological studies, thyroid disease is practically unknown in people who regularly eat kelp. Based on human studies, 4mg of iodine daily completely resolves cyclical breast lumps and cysts, usually within only two months.

 

NUTMEG

In India, nutmeg has a long reputation as an aphrodisiac. Nutmeg is believed to increase sexual stamina.

 

OAT BETA GLUCAN

Oat Beta Glucan, Many people are confused by the various references to oats. Oat straw refers to the whole plant, including the leaves and stems. These parts are dried and chopped after the grain is harvested in late summer. The seeds are milled to produce oat bran and oatmeal. Oat bran is produced from the coarse husks of the grain, and oatmeal is the ground grain. While the grain has similar properties to the whole plant, each part has its individual benefits. The common oat offers uncommon health benefits. Oat bran and, to a lesser extent, oatmeal, contains a specific type of fibre known as beta-gluten. Since the early 60s, clinical trials have shown their ability to reduce blood cholesterol levels, in particular the low-density lipoproteins. Studies show that individuals with high cholesterol levels can typically lower total cholesterol by eight to 23 per cent, when oats are taken over a period of time and included in an otherwise healthy diet. These are significant percentages since each one per cent drop in serum cholesterol translates to a two per cent decrease in the risk of developing heart disease. This same beta-glucan has also been proven to enhance the immune system's response to bacterial infection. It helps neutrophils (the most abundant type of non-specific immune cell) to get to the site of the infection more quickly, and also enhances there ability to eliminate the bacteria. This quickened response results in faster microbial clearance and healing. As our non-specific immune defenses are the body's first advance against pathogens, starting your day with a bowl of porridge may just offset further specific infection.

 

OMEGA 3

Scientific research has found adding Omega 3's to your daily diet can aid in protecting your cardiovascular system, improve brain function, aid in inflammation and support the immune system. Our Omega 3's come from small fish so there are no known toxins such as mercury and lead. The microencapsulation process also helps ensure there are no unpleasant tastes and burps. Some of the recent clinical trails on Omega 3's have found the following benefits:

Omega 3 and Heart Health:

  • Reduces inflammation throughout the body
  • Keeps blood from excessive clotting
  • maintain the fluidity of cell membranes
  • Lower the amount of lipid fats, such as, cholesterol and triglycerides circulating in the bloodstream
  • Decrease platelet aggregation
  • Inhibit thickening of the arteries
  • Increases the activity of nitric oxide in the endothelial cells, helping the arteries to relax and dilate

Omega 3 and Brain Health:
  • helps the brain cells better communicate with each other
  • DHA affects three main areas of the brain function
  • mood and behavior
  • cognition (learning and memory)
  • movement and sensation
  • Plus Omega 3's help prevent blood clotting in the brain
Omega 3 and Immune Health:
  • Omega 3's act as immune boosters by increasing the activity of phagocytes (the white blood cells that eat up bacteria).

ORANGE

 

Oranges are high in Vitamin C and Citrus Bioflavonoids.

ORANGE PEEL

Stimulates the body to produce more digestive enzymes, contains bioflavonoid which are good for connective tissue

 

PAPAYA

Papaya are rich sources of antioxidant nutrients such as carotenes, vitamin C and flavonoids; the B vitamins, folate and pantothenic acid; and the minerals, potassium and magnesium; and fiber. Together, these nutrients promote the health of the cardiovascular system and also provide protection against colon cancer. In addition, papaya contains the digestive enzyme, papain, which is used like bromelain, a similar enzyme found in pineapple treat sports injuries, other causes of trauma, and allergies.

 

PARSLEY

Parsley herb is a superior food medicine containing high levels of fiber, provitamin A carotenoids, vitamin C, folate and other antioxidants. The dark green leaves and stocks are also generously endowed with calcium and boron for preventing osteoporosis. Modern herbalists recommend parsley for preventing vascular disease and note that the herb, as with other plants in the carrot family, contains 15 compounds that act much like calcium channel blockers. Dr. James Duke, author of The Green Pharmacy, states that vegetarians who eat lots of carrots may have lower levels of vascular disease partly due to these compounds, which are also found in parsley.

 

PASSION FLOWER

Passion flower is a wonderfully relaxing remedy and one of the best tranquilizing herbs for chronic insomnia, having no addictive effects and allowing you to awake refreshed and alert in the morning. Passion flower has a sedative and antispasmodic action, relaxing spasm and tension in the muscles, and calming the nerves and lessening pain.

 

PEAR

Pears are a good source of vitamin C and copper. Both of these nutrients can be thought of as antioxidant nutrients that help protect cells in the body from oxygen-related damage due to free radicals. Vitamin C functions as an antioxidant in all water-soluble areas of the body, and in addition to its antioxidant activity, is critical for good immune function. Vitamin C stimulates white cells to fight infection, directly kills many bacteria and viruses, and regenerates Vitamin E (an antioxidant that protects fat-soluble areas of the body) after it has been inactivated by disarming free radicals. Copper helps protect the body from free radical damage as a necessary component of superoxide dismutase (SOD), a copper-dependent enzyme that eliminates superoxide radicals. Superoxide radicals are a type of free radical generated during normal metabolism, as well as when white blood cells attack invading bacteria and viruses. If not eliminated quickly, superoxide radicals damage cell membranes.

 

PEPPERMINT

Peppermint oil and leaf flavonoids both increase the production of bile. This lends credence to the herb's traditional use as an aid to digestion.

 

PHOSPHOROUS

Phosphorous, following calcium, is the second most abundant mineral in the human body. Approximately 80 percent of phosphorus is present in the skeleton while the other 20 percent is very active metabolically and plays a role in the metabolism of every cell in the body. Phosphorus participates in more biological processes than any other mineral. Phosphorus, along with calcium, forms insoluble calcium phosphate crystals, which provide the strength and rigidity in bones and teeth. It is necessary for ATP (energy production in the cells), and for all cellular reproduction and protein synthesis. Unlike calcium, phosphorus is also an integral part of the structure of soft tissues. As part of phospholipids, such as phosphatidylcholine, it is a component of all cellular membranes. Phospholipids aid in transporting other lipids throughout the body and across cellular membranes.

 

PINEAPPLE

Bromelain is a constituent of Pineapple - it is present in both the Stem (known as Stem Bromelain) and Fruit (known as Fruit Bromelain) of the Pineapple. Bromelain is a dietary Proteolytic Enzyme. More precisely, it is not one isolated compound, but a general term for a family of closely-related Sulfhydryl-containing Proteolytic Enzymes. It also contains a type of Peroxidase enzyme, and Acid Phosphatase enzyme, several Protease Inhibitors and Calcium. Much of the physiological activity of Bromelain occurs as a result of multiple factors, including (but not exclusively) its proteolytic enzyme function.

Supplemental or dietary Bromelain is effectively absorbed through the Gastrointestinal Tract when consumed orally - in animal experiments 40% of Bromelain was absorbed unchanged from the Intestines. Bromelain is important as an anti-inflammatory enzyme and is helpful in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease and as a digestive enzyme, which aids the pancreas to secrete enzymes.

 

PLANT ENZYMES (LIPASE, PROTEASE, AMYLASE, CELLULASE)

Plant Enzymes are Proteins that accelerate the rate of a biological reaction without themselves being used up in the reaction. Enzymes act as catalysts by binding with the substance (i.e. the Substrate) involved in the reaction and converting it to another substance. Enzymes are specific in the type of reaction they catalyze - hence there are many different types (thousands) of Enzymes. Digestive Enzymes is a broad term for the many Enzymes that catalyze the splitting (hydrolysis) of large molecules ingested from Foods.

 

POMEGRANATE

Pomegranate juice is a good source of Vitamin C, folic acid and antioxidant polyphenols. The most abundant polyphenols in pomegranate juice are the hydrolyzable tannins punicalagins shown in 38 peer-reviewed research publications over 1990-2007 to have potent free-radical scavenging ability. The many studies have put pomegranate juice on the map recently as a very good nutritional health supplement.

In preliminary laboratory research and human pilot studies, juice of the pomegranate has been found effective in reducing heart disease risk factors, including LDL oxidation, macrophage oxidative status, and foam cell formation, all of which are steps in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Tannins such as punicalagins have been identified as the primary components responsible for the reduction of oxidative stress which led to these risk factors. Pomegranate has been shown to reduce systolic blood pressure by inhibiting serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE).

Research suggests that pomegranate juice may be effective against prostate cancer and osteoarthritis. In 2007, six clinical trials in the United States, Israel and Norway have been approved to examine the effects of pomegranate juice consumption on parameters of prostate cancer or prostatic hyperplasia, diabetes or lymphoma.

 

POTASSIUM

Potassium is one of the body’s three major electrolytes (the other two being sodium and chloride). They exist as fully dissociated ions and are the main particles responsible for osmotic pressure in body fluids. Potassium is the primary electrolyte functioning inside cells throughout the body. These substances are called electrolytes because they carry an electronic charge in their dissociated (ionic) state. Their ionic strength enables them to influence the solubility of proteins and other substances throughout the body. Potassium is one of the main electrolytes that helps control pH levels in body fluids and it regulates electrical activity, which in turn, regulates the activity of muscle and nerve cells and the beating of the heart.

 

PROBIOTIC CULTURE

Probiotic culture, beneficial bacteria are a group of (primitive) microorganisms that lack a distinct nuclear membrane and have a cell wall of unique composition. Various species of beneficial bacteria (as well as various species of potentially detrimental bacteria) populate the colon. The total number of species of bacteria in the colon is approximately 400. It is estimated that bacteria account for 30% to 50% of the volume of the contents of the colon. Beneficial bacteria ferments insoluble fiber, starch and undigested carbohydrates in the colon ferment. The Short-Chain Saturated Fatty Acids produced by this fermentation are the principal source of energy for the epithelial cells of the colon. Beneficial Bacteria enhances the general health of the digestive system and is essential in boosting the immune system functions of the intestines. It's been found that beneficial bacteria help to reverse intestinal permeability. Beneficial Bacteria reside in the body's Intestines and can endogenously manufacture some vitamins including: Biotin, Choline, Folic Acid, Inositol, Para Aminobenzoic Acid (PABA), Vitamin B2, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, and Vitamin K.

 

QUERCETIN

Quercetin is part of the coloring found in the skins of apples and red onions. It is isolated and sold as a nutritional supplement. It's a powerful anti-oxidant. It is also a natural anti-histamine, and anti-inflammatory. Research shows that quercetin may help to prevent cancer, especially prostate cancer.

It's anti-histamine action may help to relieve allergic symptoms and asthma symptoms. The anti-inflammatory properties may help to reduce pain from disorders such as arthritis. Quercetin may also help reduce symptoms like fatigue, depression and anxiety.

 

RED CLOVER

A rich source of isoflavones and valuable nutrients including calcium, chromium, magnesium and niacin. Is thought to purify the blood and may help to protect against cardiovascular disease.

 

RED RASPBERRY

As an antioxidant food containing ellagic acid, raspberry helps prevent unwanted damage to cell membranes and other structures in the body by neutralizing free radicals. Ellagic acid is not the only well-researched phytonutrient component of raspberry, however. Raspberry's flavonoid content is also well documented. Here the key substances are quercetin, kaempferol, and the cyanidin-based molecules called cyanidin-3-glucosylrutinoside and cyanidin-3-rutinoside. These flavonoid molecules are also classified as anthocyanins, and they belong to the group of substances that give raspberries their rich red color. Raspberries' anthocyanins also give these delectable berries unique antioxidant properties, as well as some antimicrobial ones, including the ability to prevent overgrowth of certain bacteria and fungi in the body (for example, the yeast Candida albicans, which is a frequent culprit in vaginal infections and can be a contributing cause in irritable bowel syndrome). Additionally, research is suggesting that raspberries may have cancer protective properties, suggesting that raspberries have the potential to inhibit cancer cell proliferation and tumor formation in various sites, including the colon.

Red Raspberries are a member of the rose family and a bramble fruit like the blackberry, raspberries are delicately structured with a hollow core. Raspberries are known as "aggregate fruits" since they are a compendium of smaller seed-containing fruits, called drupelets, that are arranged around a hollow central cavity.

 

RICE BRAN

Rice Bran is the outside hull of the rice (Oryza sativa) grain it has been found to help inhibit the absorption of dietary Cholesterol (due to the Gamma Oryzanol content of Rice Bran): research Gerhardt, A. L., et al. Full-fat rice bran and oat bran similarly reduce hypercholesterolemia in humans. Journal of Nutrition. 128(5):865-869, 1998. Scientific studies support recommendations to increase dietary soluble fiber as part of hyperlipidemia treatment. Rice bran contains minimal soluble fiber, but rice bran oil has a hypolipidemic effect. Full-fat rice bran was compared with oat bran and a rice starch placebo in hyperlipidemic humans to see if it might have a role in the treatment of hyperlipidemia. Moderately hypercholesterolemic (5.95-8.02 mmol/L), nonsmoking, nonobese adults were studied in a 6-wk, randomized, double-blind, noncross-over trial. Three groups added 84 g/d of a heat-stabilized, full-fat, medium-grain rice bran product (n = 14), oat bran product (n = 13) or rice starch placebo (n = 17) to their usual low-fat diet. Serum cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), apoA1 and apoB were measured before and at the end of the supplementation period. Serum cholesterol decreased significantly (P < /= 0.05) by 8.3 +/ 2.4% and 13.0 +/ 1.8% in the rice bran and oat bran groups, respectively, but there was no change in the rice starch group. This change was attributable to LDL-C, which decreased by 13.7 +/ 2.8% in the rice bran group and 17.1 +/ 2.4% in the oat bran group (P < /= 0.05). Serum apoB decreased proportionately. There was no consistent effect on triglycerides within each group and HDL-C and apoA concentrations did not change. The LDL-C:HDL-C ratio decreased significantly in the rice bran and oat bran groups. Stabilized, full-fat rice bran or oat bran, added to the prudent diet of hyperlipidemic adults, similarly reduced cholesterol and LDL-C and improved lipid ratios in 78% of these individuals. Rice bran, as well as oat bran, should be included in the prudent diet of individuals with hyperlipidemia.

 

ROSE HIPS

When you think of Vitamin C, think of Rose Hips! Rich in many nutrients, Rose Hips have gained an honored place as a healthy supplement to help maintain good health and prevent colds, flu and infections. They contain sixty times the amount of vitamin C than found in lemons! Rose Hips help to strengthen body tissues, build and maintain a healthy vascular system and prevent damage to fragile capillaries. Rose Hips are thought to prevent many types of infectious ailments before they happen. Natural vitamin C and bioflavonoids are combined in nature, and for efficacy, it is vital that they be used together. Rose Hips are rich in both, and together they help to strengthen body tissues and build and maintain a healthy vascular system and are said to heal and prevent damage to fragile capillaries. The combination is also thought to enhance the body's ability to absorb vitamin C in those who have difficulty absorbing it. Current research indicates that large doses of vitamin C in Rose Hips could be helpful in enhancing our immune systems, which may be valuable in warding off infectious invaders and serious disease.

 

ROSEMARY

Rosemary is a wonderful tonic, particularly to the heart, brain and nervous system. By increasing the flow of blood to the head, rosemary stimulates the brain and heightens concentration. Rosemary has been used for anxiety , tension, exhaustion, lethargy, and depression. Rosemary is a powerful antioxidant, preventing damage by free radicals.

 

ROYAL JELLY

Royal Jelly, is the milky-white gelatinous food fed to queen bees that is secreted from the cephalic glands of nurse bees (Apis mellifera) for stimulating the growth and development of the queen. Royal jelly contains an emulsion of proteins, sugars, lipids and other substances in a water base. Without royal jelly, the queen bee would live only as long as worker bees (seven to eight weeks), however with royal jelly, the queen bee can live five to seven years. This lends royal jelly its reputation as a rejuvenating elixir. Royal jelly has strong antibacterial activity and also has documented hypolipidemic, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity. Researchers concluded that, "royal jelly, at approximately 50 to 100 milligrams per day, decreased total serum cholesterol levels by about 14% and total serum lipids by about 10% in the group of patients studied."

 

SELENIUM

Selenium is an essential mineral known for its antioxidant properties. The body needs selenium for normal growth and health as well as muscle protection and healthy skin. It also helps to reduce lipid peroxidation and neutralizes destructive hydrogen peroxide radicals. Selenium also potentiates the antioxidant activity of vitamin E. It’s anti-oxidant activities enable it to protect against heart attacks and strokes. It has anti-viral activity, which may increase T-lymphocytes, and enhances natural killer cell activity and is a co-factor for glutathione peroxidase, which is an important antioxidant enzyme in the immune system. Selenium also helps detoxify heavy metal toxins such as mercury and cadmium from the body.

 

SILICON

The largest concentrations of silicon are found in the skin and cartilage, but it also occurs in connective tissue, bone, tendons, lymph nodes, trachea, aorta and lungs. There is some indication that silicon Aids in building the organic matrix for the proper mineralization of bones and teeth, a deficiency might be associated with the development of osteoarthritis and some aspects of cardiovascular disease. Silicon may be associated with a decreased risk in the development of atherosclerosis.

 

SILYMARIN (MILK THISTLE)

Milk thistle has been used as a medicine since early Greco-Roman times, particularly for supporting the liver in detoxifying the blood. Through its bitter properties, milk thistle increases the flow of gastric juices relieving dyspepsia, indigestion and headaches associated with detoxification organ congestion. The German Pharmacopoeia recognizes milk thistle crushed seeds for treating digestive disorders and standardized extracts for preventing and treating damage to the body from poisons and toxins, and as supportive treatment in chronic inflammation of the detoxification organs. Another controlled study following 106 people with alcoholic organ damage over a period of 4 weeks showed a significant decrease in elevated liver enzymes and improvements in cell health as evaluated by biopsy.

No side effects have been reported during clinical trials with standardized milk thistle extracts. Milk thistle products may produce a mild laxative effect in some people due to stimulating effects on bile secretion. Use of milk thistle extract may also lower blood glucose levels.

 

SOY LECITHIN

Lecithin is also known as Phosphatidylcholine which helps to maintain the elasticity of blood vessels, is essential for the formation , structural and functional integrity of cell. Supplemental lecithin has been found to enhance the function of cell membranes throughout the body and comprises approximately 65% of most cell membranes . It helps to prevent and treat age-associated memory impairment (AAMI). It facilitates the production of acetylcholine in the brain and adrenal glands (due to the Phosphatidylcholine component of lecithin supplying Choline that is essential to the production of Acetylcholine. Acetylcholine ensures that mucous membranes remain lubricated and moist and is required for optimal muscle tone. Phosphatidylcholine has been found to help control the transfer of endogenous chemicals into skin cells and improves the visual appearance of dull skin. Phosphatidylcholine is the constituent of bile that facilitates the emulsification of dietary and has been found to enhance the absorption of Vitamin A.

 

SPEARMINT

Has a mild sweet taste, good for nervous stomach and may be used as a mild nervine. Improves the digestive tract

SPIRULINA

Spirulina pratensis and other Spirulina spp. [Phylum: Cyanophyta], is a nutrient-dense cyanobacteria used as a food and source of beneficial phytochemicals. Spirulina, according to Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99, is a traditional food in parts of Mexico and central Africa that is now grown commercially and marketed as a high-protein dietary supplement. Spirulina has significant amounts of protein, essential amino acids, essential fatty acids, chlorophyll, carotenoids including beta-carotene, vitamins, minerals, unique pigments and polysaccharides. Spirulina also has probiotic compounds that enhance health through preserving resident intestinal microflora, especially lactic acid bacilli and bifidobacteria, and decreasing the level of Candida albicans. Researchers also found that Spirulina produces an immuno-stimulating effect by enhancing the resistance of humans, mammals, chickens and fish to infections by stimulating the production of antibodies, cytokines, macrophages, T and B cells. Liver-protective properties of Spirulina are attributed to its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, membrane-stabilizing, and immuno-correcting actions.

 

STEVIA

Used as a natural sweetener and known as a nutritive and an aide to digestion. Helps regulate blood sugar levels and lowers hypertension. High in chromium and manganese

 

STRAWBERRY

Strawberries, like other berries, are famous in the phytonutrient world as a rich source of phenols. In the strawberry, these phenols are led by the anthocyanins (especially anthocyanin 2) and by the ellagitannins. The anthocyanins in strawberry not only provide its flush red color, they also serve as potent antioxidants that have repeatedly been shown to help protect cell structures in the body and to prevent oxygen damage in all of the body’s organ systems. Strawberries' unique phenol content makes them a heart-protective fruit, an anti-cancer fruit, and an anti-inflammatory fruit, all rolled into one. The anti-inflammatory properties of strawberry include the ability of phenols in this fruit to lessen activity of the enzyme cyclo-oxygenase, or COX. Non-steriodal anti-inflamatory drugs like aspirin or ibuprofen block pain by blocking this enzyme, whose overactivity has been shown to contribute to unwanted inflammation, such as that which is involved in rheumatoid and osteoarthritis, asthma, atherosclerosis, and cancer. Unlike drugs that are COX-inhibitors, however, strawberries do not cause intestinal bleeding

In animal studies, researchers have found that strawberries help protect the brain from oxidative stress and may reduce the effects of age-related declines in brain function. Researchers found that feeding aging rats strawberry-rich diets significantly improved both their learning capacity and motor skills.

 

SUMA

Advocates promote suma as an immune enhancer and an adaptogen, that is, an agent that helps the body adapt to stresses of all kinds by restoring or enhancing the natural immune system. Aids in lowering blood sugar levels.

 

TURMERIC

Turmeric is noted for treating inflammatory conditions such as arthritis and is a safe food-type herb for preventing many different diseases. The German Commission E approves turmeric for treating dyspepsia and notes that the choleretic (bile stimulating) and anti-inflammatory action of curcumin, turmeric's main active ingredient, is experimentally well documented. Curcumin has also been documented as a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent.

 

VITAMIN A

Vitamin A was the first fat-soluble vitamin to be isolated. It was discovered in 1913 as a result of its ability to prevent night blindness and xerophthalmia (a drying and hardening of the mucous membrane that lines the eyelids). In 1932, beta-carotene (pro-vitamin A) was discovered to be the precursor to vitamin A and it is sometimes referred to as provitamin A. Vitamin A belongs to a class of compounds called retinoids, which only occur in animal products. Retinoids with vitamin A activity occur in nature in three different forms: a) the alcohol, retinol, b) the aldehyde, retinal or retinaldehyde, and c) the acid, retinoic acid. Vitamin A requires fats as well as minerals in order to be properly absorbed from the digestive tract. Substantial amounts of vitamin A are stored in the liver, and therefore, it does not need to be supplied in the diet on a daily basis.

Functions In The Body
Epithelial Tissue: Plays an important role in maintaining the integrity of epithelial tissue which are the mucous membrane-secreting cells that line all the glands and organs of the body. Many studies show that adequate intake of vitamin A is associated with reduced risk to various epithelial-cell cancers (mouth, skin, lungs, bladder, breast, stomach, cervix, etc.)
Eyes and Vision: Required for night vision. It combines with the protein opsin to form the photosensitive pigments rhodopsin and iodopsin in the rods and cones of the eyes, which are necessary for night vision. It is also essential for the lubricant from tear glands that prevents drying of the cornea. Growth and Bone Development: Essential for the growth of bone and soft tissue. It is also necessary for the formation of tooth enamel in the development of teeth. A deficiency of Vitamin A can contribute to bone loss associated with osteoporosis.
Immune System: Helps maintain healthy epithelial cells (surface cells of many glands, organs, and skin); helps to facilitate effective barriers to infections.

Precautions: Hypervitaminosis A has been reported in adults taking in excess of 50,000 IU daily for several years, and in a case of taking a water soluble synthetic vitamin A at 18,500 to 60,000 IU for several months

 

VITAMIN B1 (Thiamine)

Vitamin B1, also known as thiamine, was the first of the B vitamins to be discovered. It was isolated in 1926 as a water soluble, crystalline yellowish white powder with a salty, slightly nutty taste. In 1936 the nutritionist Roger Williams, Ph.D., synthesized it and determined the chemical formula. It plays a vital role in the conversion of blood sugar (glucose) to energy in the Krebs cycle and is involved in the synthesis of acetylcholine. Its metabolic activities primarily affect the nerves, muscles, and cardiovascular system.

Functions In The Body
Amino Acid Conversion: Involved in converting into proteins, hormones and enzymes.
Carbohydrate Metabolism: Plays a role in conversion of blood sugar (glucose) into biological energy.
Co-enzyme Activity: Oxidative decarboxylation reactions (removal of CO2 or carboxyl groups) when pyruvic acid is converted to acetyl coenzyme A in the Krebs cycle. This is the primary pathway for energy production in the body and thiamine plays an essential role in energy production. Transketolation reactions (transfer of 2-carbon or keto groups) in the hexose monophosphate shunt.
Fatty Acid Conversion: Involved in conversion to hormones such as cortisol and progesterone.
Muscles: Important in the maintenance of muscular function, especially the heart.
Nerves: Role in maintenance of nerve tissues, nerve function, and nerve transmission. Involved in the synthesis of acetylcholine in nerve cell membranes.

 

VITAMIN B2 (Riboflavin)

Riboflavin is essential for normal growth and development, reproduction, lactation, physical performance, and well-being. It participates in essential biochemical reactions, especially those that yield energy. Vitamin B2 is water-soluble and, like other B vitamins, it is not appreciably stored and must be supplied daily. Riboflavin belongs to a group of yellow fluorescent pigments called flavins. In its pure state, it is a yellow crystalline powder with a slight odor. When excreted, it gives the urine a characteristic bright yellow color.

Functions In The Body
Antioxidant Activity Antioxidant activity, both by itself, and as part of the enzyme glutathione reductase.
Energy ProductionPlays a role in the conversion of carbohydrates to ATP in the production of energy.
Fatty Acids/Amino Acids/Pyruvic Acids
Riboflavin-containing coenzymes (FMN and FAD) Play roles in fatty acid synthesis, beta-oxidation of fatty acids, deamination of amino acids, and conversion of pyruvic acid to acetyl coenzyme A.
Growth: Necessary for growth and reproduction and the healthy growth of skin, hair, and nails.

 

VITAMIN B3 (Niacin)

Niacin is a water-soluble B vitamin that can be synthesized in humans by converting tryptophan to niacin. Niacin functions metabolically as a component of two important co-enzymes: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP), known as the pyridine nucleotides. These niacin-containing co-enzymes play an essential role in over 200 chemical reactions in the body.

There are two forms of vitamin B3, each with different activities. Niacin, which is also known as nicotinic acid, lowers elevated blood lipids and may reduce mortality. In addition to being used alone, it has also been used in combination with cholesterol-lowering drugs to increase the lipid-lowering effect of the drug. Niacinamide, which is also known as nicotinamide has been used to treat newly diagnosed patients with Type 1 diabetes, patients with Type 2 diabetes who cannot be controlled with sulfonylureas, and people with arthritis.

Functions In The Body
Blood Cholesterol Levels: Reduces LDL ("bad" cholesterol) and triglycerides, and increases HDL ("good" cholesterol).
Dyslipidemia: Lowers lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) and fibrinogen.
Energy Production: Oxidation-reduction reactions in the Krebs cycle involving the production of energy from carbohydrates.
Enzyme Activity: Necessary for oxidative phosphorylation, as well as glutathione reductase and glutamate dehydrogenase enzymes.
Glucose Tolerance Factor: A component to receptor complex.
Heart Attacks: May reduce the recurrence rate for heart attacks. One study showed reduction by nearly 30 percent at dosages of about 2 grams per day, and showed 11 percent reduced overall mortality rate.
Metabolism: Carbohydrates, fatty acids, and amino acids.

 

VITAMIN B5 (Pantothenic Acid)

Dr. Roger Williams discovered vitamin B5 in 1933 and, since it is present in all cells studied, he named it pantothenic acid from the Greek word panthothen meaning "everywhere." Pantothenic acid plays a number of essential metabolic roles including the production of some hormones and neurotransmitters, and is involved in the metabolism of all carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. It's been reported to be effective at improving abnormal lipid profiles in both adults and children. It reportedly lowers elevated triglycerides and LDL cholesterol while raising levels of the beneficial HDL cholesterol Pantethine has been reported to be especially effective at lowering elevated blood lipids in patients with diabetes without hindering blood sugar control.

Functions In The Body
Alcohol Detoxification: Participates in the metabolism of acetaldehyde.
Anti-stress Effect: Synthesis of steroid hormones and proper functioning of the adrenal glands.
Biochemical Reactions: Co-enzyme A (CoA), which is the active form of pantothenic acid, helps transfer two-carbon units (acetyl groups) in a wide variety of biochemical reactions.
Energy Metabolism: Enhances the release of energy from carbohydrates in the Krebs cycle.
Fat Synthesis: Involved in synthesis of phospholipids, fats, cholesterol, and bile acids.
Neurotransmitter Synthesis: Involved in synthesis of acetylcholine
Red Blood Cells: Involved in synthesis of porphyrin in the hemoglobin of red blood cells.

 

VITAMIN B6 (Pyridoxine)

Pyridoxine is a water-soluble B vitamin that functions as a cofactor in more than one hundred enzyme reactions. Many of its activities are related to the metabolism of amino acids and other proteins including hemoglobin, serotonin, hormones, and prostaglandins. After entering a cell, vitamin B6 is phosphorylated and converted into its active form, pyridoxal 5 phosphate (PLP).

Functions In The Body
Atherosclerosis: Helps to prevent atherosclerosis by metabolizing homocysteine.
Energy Production: Facilitates conversion of glycogen to glucose for energy production.
Neurotransmitter Production: Required for the production of neurotransmitters derived from amino acids such as serotonin, gamma amino butyric acid (GABA), norepinephrine, acetylcholine, and histamine
Niacin Conversion: Essential for the conversion of tryptophan to niacin.
Red Blood Cells: Necessary for the formation of hemoglobin and the growth of red blood cells.
Regulation of Amino Acid Metabolism: Includes transamination (transfer of amino groups), deamination (removal of amino groups), desulfuration (transfer of sulfhydro groups), decarboxylation (removal of carboxyl or COOH groups)
Serotonin: Involved in the synthesis of serotonin

 

Vitamin B 12 (Cyanocobamin)

Vitamin B12 was isolated from liver extract in 1948 and reported to control pernicious anemia. Its structure was elucidated in 1955. Cobalamin is the generic name of vitamin B12 because it contains the heavy metal cobalt, which gives this water-soluble vitamin its red color. Vitamin B12 is an essential growth factor and plays a role in the metabolism of cells, especially those of the gastrointestinal tract, bone marrow, and nervous tissue.

Several different cobalamin compounds exhibit vitamin B12 activity. The most stable form is cyanocobalamin, which contains a cyanide group that is well below toxic levels. To become active in the body, cyanocobalamin must be converted to either methylcobalamin or adenosylcobalamin. A protein in gastric secretions called intrinsic factor binds to vitamin B12 and facilitates its absorption. Without intrinsic factor, only a small percentage of vitamin B12 is absorbed. Once absorbed, relatively large amounts of vitamin B12 can be stored in the liver.

Functions In The Body
Biochemical Pathways: Primarily functions as a methyl donor, transferring methyl groups in the following:
Demethylates methyltetrahydrofolate to generate tetrahydrofolate, necessary in the synthesis of DNA. This means B12 plays a role in the replication of the genetic code and is a growth factor in all cells of the body. Methylcobalamin transfers a methyl group onto homocysteine, which facilitates the conversion of homocysteine to methionine.
Hydrogen Carrier: Functions as a hydrogen carrier in hydrogen transfer reactions.
Metabolism: Involved in various aspects of protein, fat, and carbohydrate metabolism.
Nervous System: Required for the synthesis of myelin, the insulation around nerves. It plays a major role in the functioning and maintenance of the nervous system. Red Blood Cells: Necessary for the maturation of red blood cells.

 

VITAMIN C

Vitamin C cures the world's oldest known nutritional deficiency disease, scurvy. It was first isolated by Albert Szent-Gyorgyi in 1928 from pork adrenal glands and called hexuronic acid. In 1933, its chemical structure was established. It was successfully synthesized, and the name was changed to ascorbic acid. It's a water-soluble vitamin that is stored in many tissues throughout the body, but the adrenal glands contain the highest concentration.

Humans are one of the few species that cannot manufacture vitamin C. We must depend on our diet, or nutritional supplements, as the source of this vitamin. Vitamin C exists in nature in both its reduced form, l-ascorbic acid, and in its oxidized form, l-dehydroascorbic acid. L-ascorbic acid is the most active form. However, in the body they convert back and forth to each other in a reversible equilibrium, and both prevent scurvy (antiscorbutic). Buffered vitamin C refers to the sodium, calcium, magnesium, and potassium ascorbate salts. These forms of vitamin C are less acidic and may be less likely to cause gastric irritation when taken in higher doses.

Functions In The Body
Antioxidant: Ability to donate hydrogen atoms from its two hydroxyl (OH) positions to neutralize free radicals. Capable of regenerating the antioxidant form of vitamin E. Low antioxidant levels could increase the incidence of side effects due to chemotherapy. Antiviral: Reported to have antiviral activity.
Atherosclerotic Plaques: Calcium/phospholipid/cholesterol plaque (insoluble) reacts with sodium ascorbate to form sodium/phospholipid/cholesterol (soluble) and calcium ascorbate (soluble).
Cancer Prevention: Prevents the formation of cancer causing nitrosamines.
Collagen and Elastin: Plays a role in the synthesis of collagen and elastin, the major structural components of skin, tendons, bone matrix, tooth dentin, blood vessels, and connective tissues between cells.
Detoxifies: Heavy metal toxins such as mercury, lead, cadmium, and nickel.
Enzyme Activity: Involved in oxidation-reduction reactions, energy production, tyrosine metabolism, reduction and storage of iron, and the activation of folic acid. It is essential in the synthesis of collagen, serotonin, norepinephrine, thyroxine, and some of the corticosteroids.

Fat Synthesis:
a) aids in the conversion of cholesterol to bile acids for excretion
b) is necessary for synthesis of collagen and elastin which maintains strength and elasticity of blood vessels
c) decreases free radical oxidation of cholesterol
d) decreases levels of lipoprotein(a) or Lp(a) Histamine Inhibitor: Functions as both a histamine inhibitor (it inhibits the release and enhances the degradation of histamine) and as a phosphodiesterase inhibitor.
Increases:
a) production of white blood cells (neutrophils, lymphocytes, and natural killer cells)
b) levels of antibodies IgA, IgG, and IgM
c) production of interferon
d) modulates prostaglandin synthesis
Stress: Required for the synthesis of the body's main stress response hormones in the adrenal glands, including epinephrine, norepinephrine, cortisol, and histamine. Stresses, such as fever, burns, exposure to cold, physical trauma, fractures, high altitude and radiation all require larger doses of vitamin C. Wound healing: Increases the healing of scars, broken bones, burns, etc.

 

VITAMIN D

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that was isolated in 1930 and named calciferol. Since then more metabolites have been found, and the two major forms of this vitamin are now known to be vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol) and vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol). Vitamin D is actually a hormone precursor, which can be manufactured by the body. Therefore, in a classical sense, it is not actually an essential nutrient. However, since the disease rickets is related to vitamin D deficiency, it has been traditionally classified as a vitamin.

Vitamin D is known as the "sunshine" vitamin. It is formed in the body by the action of the sun's ultraviolet rays on the skin, converting the biological precursor 7-dehydroergosterol (found in animals and humans) into vitamin D3. Since calcitrol is produced in the kidney and functions elsewhere in the body, it is considered a hormone, with the intestines and bone as its target.

Functions In The Body
Bones: Involved in both the formation (mineralization) of bone, as well as in the mobilization (de-mineralization) of bone. Vitamin D is considered a cost effective form of prevention for hip fractures.
Bones and Teeth: The most active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol, requires the intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorus, which are important for the development of bones and teeth. For this reason, vitamin D is an important growth nutrient for infants and children.
Immune System: The active form of vitamin D enhances the immune system by stimulating the activity of macrophages.
Neuromuscular: There is new evidence to suggest that Vitamin D plays a role in neuromuscular functioning in older adults and this role may have an effect on both functional performance and the risk of falls

 

VITAMIN E

d-Alpha-Tocopherol Acid Succinate (also known as Tocopherol Succinate; d-Alpha Tocopheryl Succinate) is the d-Alpha-Tocopherol form of Vitamin E combined with Succinic Acid to improve water-solubility. It is an esterified form of Vitamin E.Each 1 mg of d-Alpha-Tocopherol Acid Succinate possesses 1.2 IU of Vitamin E activity. After its absorption into the body, d-Alpha-Tocopherol Succinate, the Succinate molecule is stripped off (by endogenous Esterase enzymes) to re-form d-Alpha-Tocopherol Some researchers regard d-Alpha-Tocopherol Succinate (and d-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate) as the preferable form of oral d-Alpha-Tocopherol supplementation as it is more stable than "free" d-Alpha-Tocopherol.

Vitamin E counteracts (via its antioxidant properties) the generation of free radicals in the skin and the subsequent acceleration of the aging process (photoaging) caused by excessive exposure to sunlight. It is important for the stability of cell membranes (by protecting the fatty acids in the phospholipids contained in cell membranes from oxidation). Vitamin E protects cell membranes from free radical reactions and peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. It is known to improve the strength of connective tissue and it enhances the function of cysteine, beta-carotene and absorption of zinc.

 

VITAMIN K

The presence of vitamin K in the body is critical for the production of numerous clotting factors. and is necessary for the synthesis of osteocalcin, a unique protein in bone, which attracts calcium to bone tissue. Vitamin K is an Antioxidant and its thought to protect the Liver (but not the Muscles) from Free Radicals damage and may be up to 80% as effective as Vitamin E for preventing the oxidation of Linoleic Acid.

 

WATERCRESS

Watercress is a valuable source of vitamins and a good detoxifying herb. Its high content of vitamin C and minerals makes it a remedy that is particularly valuable for chronic illnesses.

 

ZEAXANTHIN

Zeaxanthin is one of two carotenoids that occur at high levels in the retina of the eyes, the other being lutein. The greatest amounts of zeaxanthin occur in the macular region, whereas lutein is distributed throughout the entire retina.These compounds are closely related and when they are found in plants, they both seem to occur together. For this reason, zeaxanthin and lutein are often discussed together, and in fact they are sometimes referred to as lutein-zeaxanthin. In one study, researchers reported that humans are capable of converting some lutein they have ingested into zeaxanthin. These carotenoids have two main functions, they absorb the potentially harmful blue-violet wavelengths of light energy that come into the eye, and they also function as antioxidants.

 

ZINC

Zinc is necessary for the functioning of over 300 different enzymes and, as such, it plays a vital role in an enormous number of biological processes. Zinc is widely distributed in microorganisms, plants, and animals. In humans, the highest concentrations of zinc are found in the liver, pancreas, kidneys, bone, and muscles. Zinc is highly concentrated in parts of the eye, prostate gland, sperm, skin, hair, and nails. Cooking acidic foods in galvanized cookware used to be a possible source of excess zinc intake. The widespread use of stainless steel and plastic materials to prepare and store foods has largely eliminated this problem. Galvanized pipes in older plumbing systems used to leach zinc into drinking water supplies, but modern plumbing has phased out the use of galvanized pipes.

Functions In The Body
Anti-viral Activity: Although its mechanism is not known at this time, zinc apparently possesses antiviral activity.
Antioxidant: Cofactor for the antioxidant enzyme Zn/Cu superoxide dismutase.
Immune System: Helps regulate a wide variety of immune system activities, including T-lymphocytes, CD4, natural killer cells, and interleukin II.
Insulin Activity: Is a component of insulin and recently was discovered to be a regulator of insulin activity.
Sensory Perceptions: Involved in sensory perceptions of taste, smell and vision. Necessary for salt-taste perception, dark adaptation, and night vision.
Serum Vitamin A Levels: Controls the release of stored vitamin A from the liver.
Sexual Function: Zinc is necessary for the maturation of sperm, for ovulation, and for fertilization.
Thyroid: Promotes the conversion of thyroxine to triiodothyronine.
Wound Healing: Facilitates wound healing, especially in burns, surgical,(5) and other types of scars.